With the increase of aging populations in developed countries, chronic diseases with serious consequences for patients and for the healthcare system, such as chronic wounds, appear. Chronic wounds or ulcers are sores that do not heal in 6 weeks.
In industrialized countries, approximately 1-2% of the population will have a chronic wound during his life. For elderly population over 65, chronic wounds, sores, leg ulcers and diabetic foot ulcers cause significant public health problems : concerning the health of older patients the increase in mortality is higher than cancer, and the high costs caused by these diseases represent 2 to 4% of the European healthcare budget. Over 800 000 people are affected by chronic wounds in France.
The total cost of chronic wounds treatment in France, in the hospital and at home, is estimated at 3.35 billion euros. The chronic wound market is estimated at 25 billion dollars in the USA in 2010, and at 870 million euros in France, with an annual growth of 10%.
40% of the currently used treatments are ineffective in the prophylaxis of wound healing.